ACEs are potentially traumatic life events before a child turns 18. These can include:
verbal or physical abuse,
exposure to substance misuse,
incarceration of a household member,
and other traumatic events.
A higher number of ACEs experienced – often called an ACEs score – corresponds to a higher risk of poor health outcomes like depression, illicit drug use, smoking, attempted suicide, partner violence, obesity, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Nearly a quarter of Snohomish County students have an ACEs score of three or more.