Trauma & Resilience

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic negative experiences before age 18 that have long lasting effects on physical health, mental health and social well-being. Most people have at least one ACE.  ACEs are inter-generational. Parents who have more than 5 ACEs are 14 times more likely to have conditions that create ACEs for their children.

Resilience helps to counteract the effects of ACEs on the brain and body. Resilience is the ability to become strong, healthy and successful again after something bad happens. We are all born with resilience and it can be learned and developed at any age. Evidence shows that early experiences, both positive and negative, are critical in building and shaping how the brain develops.

aDVERSE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES

THE ACE STUDY

The first large-scale population study which linked Adverse Childhood Experiences, or ACEs, to poor adult health outcomes, published in 1998, was conducted by a partnership between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Kaiser Permanente. The study compared 10 categories of negative childhood experiences to a long list of poor health outcomes which includes heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and even depression. 

The study revealed that ACEs are incredibly common, 64% of the participants experienced at least 1 ACE. The study also discovered that the more ACEs a person had the higher their risk for health complications throughout life. 

The 10 ACE categories studied do not account for all possible types of childhood adversity.

10 ACES

ABUSE

  1. Physical
  2. Emotional
  3. Sexual

NEGLECT

  1. Physical
  2. Emotional

HOUSEHOLD Challenges

  1. Parental divorce or separation
  2. Witnessing household violence
  3. Incarcerated household member
  4. Household substance abuse
  5. Household mental illness

PUBLIC DOCUMENTARY SCREENINGS

The Snohomish Health District regularly offers public screenings of the documentary Resilience: The Biology of Stress and the Science of Hope.

Request a screening by completing the online form.

Seeking additional support?

If you have Medicaid, try calling the Washington Mental Health Access Line at 888-693-7200.

For any other insurance carrier try calling the number on the back of the insurance card or log onto their website and search for provider coverage.